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The Enchanting Encyclia Orchids

 

encyclia-tampensis

Encyclia Orchids Fast Facts

Botanical Name: Encyclia Orchid (en-SIK-lee-ah)
Abbreviation:  Encycl.
Common name: Butterfly-orchid, Upside-down orchid
Family: Orchidaceae
Tribe
: Epidendreae
Subtribe:  Laeliinae/ Bletiinae
Number of recognized species: 147 to 188 recognized species  
Origin: New World tropics – including Argentina, Ecuador, Florida, and the Bahamas – up to West Indies.
Blooming season: All season, mostly spring to summer
Color: Purple, brown, yellow, green, and fuchsia pink
Growing classification: Epiphytic orchids

Origin of Encyclia Orchids

Encyclia was derived from the Greek word "enkyklein," which means to encircle.

Initially, Encyclia was initially filed under the big and broad orchid genus known as Epidendrum, as is the case for almost all epiphytic orchid plants during that time.

It became its own orchid genus when it was first described by the English botanist, Sir William Jackson Hooker, in 1828. It was Hooker who also established Encyclia viridiflora as the type species. Today, it has more or less 200 orchid species (depending on the source) scattered abundantly all over the New World tropics – including Argentina, Mexico, Ecuador, South Florida, and the Bahamas – up to West Indies. They’re found thriving up on trees in seasonally dry forests.

Encyclia Orchids Plant Description

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Encyclia orchid species vary greatly from one another. When it comes to size, it goes anywhere from a petite 2-inch orchid plant up to that with leaves as long as 2 feet tall.

Though different in many aspects, Encyclia orchids are recognized with their single distinct feature: their lip encircles the column and looks upside down. This is why it’s sometimes fondly called “Upside down orchids.”

Encyclia orchids do not have big, showy flowers, although they are abundant in tiny, interesting blooms that resemble common sea creatures, perhaps a squid or an octopus. The itsy, bitsy flowers are nothing more than 4 centimeters in diameter and come in various combinations of purple, brown, yellow, green, and fuchsia pink. Plus the flowers of these orchid plants also smell really nice.

Encyclia Orchids Classifications

According to Ortho’s Complete Guide to Orchids, a DNA evaluation divides Encyclia into three groups:

  • Encyclia – Onion-shaped pseudobulbs, composed of about 100 orchid species
  • Protheschea- Usually flattened pseudobulbs, composed of more than 100 orchid species
  • Euchile – Some onion-shaped pseudobulbs with grayish white leaves.

There are also some Encyclia orchids that are sold under the Protheschea and Epidendrum name tags. However, it’s also worth mentioning that an article by the American Orchid Society calls Protheschea as a separate orchid genus formed by W. E. Higgins in 1997.

Encyclia Tampensis, the Florida Butterfly Orchid

Probably one of the most popular Encyclia orchid species in the country is Encyclia Tampensis, otherwise known as the Florida Butterfly orchid and synonymous to Epidendrum tampense. It’s a native beauty of South Florida, Cuba, and the Bahamas and is commonly spotted abundant near bodies of water.

This orchid plant has pseudobulbs that clump together to form a sort of mat and support its leathery green leaves that can go up to 15 inches long. Its fragrant flowers are usually an inch-wide in diameter and have a mix of brown and apple green, with a lip that’s a mix of white and fuchsia pink. Encyclia Tampensis blooms in spring or summer and can produce up to 45 flowers at the same time. It is typically grown mounted on a bark.

Orchid Care: How to Maintain Encyclia Orchids at Home

If you’re having great success taking care of a Cattleya orchid indoors, orchid experts say you’re probably not going to break a sweat with Encyclia orchids.

A few orchid care tips specific for Encyclia orchids:

  • These orchid plants love a moist environment. Water generously every 5 to 7 days.
  • Allow the roots to dry in between watering.
  • Maintain 50 percent humidity. This can be achieved by misting your orchid plant in the morning or at noon. You can also use an indoor humidifier.
  • Give your Encyclia orchids bright, indirect light.
  • Keep it away from direct sun or heat exposure, which can burn and brown its flowers and leaves in a snap.
  • Encyclia orchid can handle warm to an intermediate temperature. Anywhere between 21 to 29 degrees Celsius is tolerable during the daytime. Protect with a sheer curtain during the intense afternoon heat. At night, somewhere between 12 and 21 is ideal.
  • Feed as you would any of your orchid plant: weekly and weakly with a balanced 20-20-20 orchid fertilizer solution. Do it after watering session.

Encyclia Orchid Species

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The type species for this orchid genus is Encyclia viridiflora Hook., Bot. Mag. 55: t. 2831 (1828).

Experts differ when it comes to the current tally of total recognized species of Encyclia orchids. The World Monocot Checklist says 170 while OrchidSpecies.com notes 188.

  • Encyclia acutifolia Schltr. (1923)
  • Encyclia adenocarpa (Lex.) Schltr. (1914)
  • Encyclia adenocaula (Lex.) Schltr. (1918) : Rough-stemmed Encyclia
  • Encyclia advena (Rchb.f.) Porto & Brade (1935) : Advent Encyclia
  • Encyclia aenicta Dressler & G.E.Pollard (1971) : Bronze Encyclia
  • Encyclia alata (Bateman) Schltr., (1914)
  • Encyclia alata subsp. alata : Winged Encyclia
  • Encyclia alata subsp. parviflora (Regel) Dressler & G.E.Pollard (1971)
  • Encyclia alata subsp. virella Dressler & G.E.Pollard (1971)
  • Encyclia albopurpurea (Barb.Rodr.) Porto & Brade (1935)
  • Encyclia alboxanthina Fowlie (1990)
  • Encyclia altissima Schltr. (1914) : Very Tall Encyclia
  • Encyclia amazonica Brongn. ex Neumann (1846)
  • Encyclia ambigua (Lindl.) Schltr. (1914) : Ambiguous Encyclia
  • Encyclia andrichii N.L.Menezes (1992)
  • Encyclia angustifolia (Sw.) Schltr. (1918)
  • Encyclia angustiloba Schltr. (1921)
  • Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne (1952) : Argentine Encyclia
  • Encyclia aspera (Lindl.) Schltr. (1918) : Rough-stalked Encyclia
  • Encyclia asperula Dressler & G.E.Pollard (1973 publ. 1974) : Asperulous Encyclia
  • Encyclia auyantepuiensis Carnevali & I.Ramírez (1994)
  • Encyclia bipapularis (Rchb.f.) Acuña (1939)
  • Encyclia bohnkiana V.P.Castro & Campacci (1999) : Bohnk's Encyclia
  • Encyclia bracteata Schltr. ex Hoehne (1930) : Bracted Encyclia
  • Encyclia bractescens (Lindl.) Hoehne (1952) : Bractescent Encyclia
  • Encyclia bradfordii (Griseb.) Carnevali & I.Ramírez (1986)
  • Encyclia bragancae Ruschi (1976)
  • Encyclia caicensis Sauleda & R.M.Adams (1978)
  • Encyclia calderoniae Soto Arenas (2002 publ. 2003)
  • Encyclia candollei (Lindl.) Schltr. (1914) : Candole's Encyclia
  • Encyclia caximboensis L.C.Menezes (1992) : Caiximbo Encyclia
  • Encyclia cajalbanensis Múj.Benítez (2005)
  • Encyclia ceratistes (Lindl.) Schltr. (1919) : Horned-columned Encyclia
  • Encyclia chapadensis N.L.Menezes (1993) : Chapada dos Viadeiros Encyclia
  • Encyclia chiapasensis Withner & D.G.Hunt (1994) : Chiapas Encyclia
  • Encyclia chironii V.P.Castro & J.B.F.Silva (2004)
  • Encyclia chloroleuca (Hook.) Neumann (1846) : Green-and-white Encyclia
  • Encyclia conchichila (Barb.Rodr.) Porto & Brade (1935)
  • Encyclia contrerasii R.Gonzalez (1997)
  • Encyclia cordigera (Kunth) Dressler (1964) : Large-lipped Encyclia
  • Encyclia cyanocolumna (Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf.) Dressler (1961)
  • Encyclia cyperifolia (C.Schweinf.) Carnevali & I.Ramírez (1993) : Sword-leafed Encyclia
  • Encyclia dasilvae V.P.Castro & Campacci (2000)
  • Encyclia davidhuntii Withner & M.Fuente (2001) : David Hunt's Encyclia
  • Encyclia dichroma (Lindl.) Schltr. (1914) : Two-colored Encyclia
  • Encyclia diota (Lindl.) Schltr. (1918) : Two-eared Encyclia
  • Encyclia diota subsp. atrorubens (Rolfe) Dressler & G.E.Pollard (1971)
  • Encyclia diota subsp. diota
  • Encyclia distantiflora (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Dressler & G.E.Pollard (1971)
  • Encyclia diurna (Jacq.) Schltr. (1919) : Daytime Encyclia
  • Encyclia duveenii Pabst (1976)
  • Encyclia edithiana L.C.Menezes (1996) : Edith's Encyclia
  • Encyclia elegantula Dressler (2004) : Elegant Encyclia
  • Encyclia euosma (Rchb.f.) Porto & Brade (1935)
  • Encyclia expansa (Rchb.f.) P.Ortiz (1991) : Expanded Encyclia
  • Encyclia fehlingii (Sauleda) Sauleda & R.M.Adams (1981)
  • Encyclia flabellata (Lindl.) B.F.Thurst. & W.R.Thurst. (1977)
  • Encyclia flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade (1935) : Yellow Encyclia
  • Encyclia fowliei Duveen (1990) : Fowlie's Encyclia
  • Encyclia fucata (Lindl.) Schltr. (1914) : Brown-veined Encyclia
  • Encyclia gallopavina (Rchb.f.) Porto & Brade (1935) : Peacock-like Encyclia
  • Encyclia garzonensis Withner (2000)
  • Encyclia ghillanyi Pabst (1976)
  • Encyclia gonzalezii L.C.Menezes (1991) : Gonzalez' Encyclia
  • Encyclia gracilis (Lindl.) Schltr. (1914) : Graceful Encyclia
  • Encyclia granitica (Lindl.) Schltr. (1919) : Granite-growing Encyclia
  • Encyclia gravida (Lindl.) Schltr. (1918)
  • Encyclia guadalupeae R.Gonzalez & Alvarado (1999) : Guadalupe Encyclia
  • Encyclia guatemalensis (Klotzsch) Dressler & G.E.Pollard (1971) : Guatemalan Encyclia
  • Encyclia guianensis Carnevali & G.A.Romero (1994)
  • Encyclia hanburyi (Lindl.) Schltr. (1914) : Hanbury's Encyclia
  • Encyclia hermentiana Brongn. ex Neumann (1846)
  • Encyclia howardii (Ames & Correll) Hoehne (1952) : Howard's Encyclia
  • Encyclia huebneri Schltr. (1925)
  • Encyclia huertae Soto Arenas & R.Jiménez (2002 publ. 2003) : Ground-dwelling Encyclia
  • Encyclia inaguensis Nash ex Britton & Millsp. (1920) : Inagua Encyclia
  • Encyclia incumbens (Lindl.) Mabb. (1984) : Aromatic Encyclia
  • Encyclia ionosma (Lindl.) Schltr. (1914) : Violet-scented Encyclia
  • Encyclia isochila (Rchb.f.) Dod (1986) : Equal-lipped Encyclia
  • Encyclia ivoniae Carnevali & G.A.Romero (1994)
  • Encyclia kennedyi (Fowlie & Withner) Hágsater (1973) : Kennedy's Encyclia
  • Encyclia kermesina (Lindl.) P.Ortiz (1995)
  • Encyclia kienastii (Rchb.f.) Dressler & G.E.Pollard (1971)
  • Encyclia kingsii (C.D.Adams) Nir (1994) : King's Encyclia
  • Encyclia kundergraberi V.P.Castro & Campacci (1998) : Kundergraeber's Encyclia
  • Encyclia leucantha Schltr. (1919)
  • Encyclia lineariloba Withner, (2001)
  • Encyclia lorata Dressler & G.E.Pollard (1974) : Strap-leafed Encyclia
  • Encyclia luteorosea (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Dressler & G.E.Pollard (1971) : Yellow-pink Encyclia
  • Encyclia maderoi Schltr. (1920)
  • Encyclia magdalenae Withner (2000) : Magdalena Encyclia
  • Encyclia magnicallosa (C.Schweinf.) Pabst (1967 publ. 1972)
  • Encyclia mapuerae (Huber) Brade & Pabst (1951)
  • Encyclia maravalensis Withner (1995)
  • Encyclia marxiana Campacci (2003)
  • Encyclia meliosma (Rchb.f.) Schltr. (1918) : Honey-sweet Encyclia
  • Encyclia microbulbon (Hook.) Schltr. (1918) : Small-bulbed Encyclia
  • Encyclia microtos (Rchb.f.) Hoehne, (1952) : Tiny-eared Encyclia
  • Encyclia monteverdensis M.A.Díaz & Ackerman (2004)
  • Encyclia mooreana (Rolfe) Schltr. (1914) : Moore's Encyclia
  • Encyclia naranjapatensis Dodson (1977) : Naranjapata Encyclia
  • Encyclia nematocaulon (A.Rich.) Acuña (1939) : Thread-stemmed Encyclia
  • Encyclia nizandensis Pérez-García & Hágsater (2002 publ. 2003)
  • Encyclia obtusa (A.DC.) Schltr. (1918)
  • Encyclia oestlundii (Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf.) Hágsater & Stermitz (1983) : Oestlund's Encyclia
  • Encyclia oncidioides (Lindl.) Schltr. (1914) : Oncidium-like Encyclia
  • Encyclia osmantha (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. (1914) : Capart's Scented Encyclia
  • Encyclia oxypetala (Lindl.) Schltr. (1918)
  • Encyclia oxyphylla Schltr. (1925)
  • Encyclia pachyantha (Lindl.) Hoehne (1952)
  • Encyclia paraensis V.P.Castro & A.Cardoso (2003)
  • Encyclia parallela (Lindl.) P.Ortiz (1995)
  • Encyclia parviloba (Fawc. & Rendle) Nir (1994)
  • Encyclia patens Hook. (1830) : Spreading-flowered Encyclia
  • Encyclia pauciflora (Barb.Rodr.) Porto & Brade (1935) : Few-flowered Encyclia
  • Encyclia peraltensis (Ames) Dressler (1997)
  • Encyclia perplexa (Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf.) Dressler & G.E.Pollard (1971)
  • Encyclia phoenicea (Lindl.) Neumann (1846) : Phoenician Encyclia
  • Encyclia picta (Lindl.) Hoehne (1952)
  • Encyclia pilosa (C.Schweinf.) Carnevali & I.Ramírez (1993)
  • Encyclia plicata (Lindl.) Schltr. (1914) : Pleated Encyclia
  • Encyclia pollardiana (Withner) Dressler & G.E.Pollard (1971) : Pollard's Encyclia
  • Encyclia profusa (Rolfe) Dressler & G.E.Pollard (1971) : Profuse Encyclia
  • Encyclia pyriformis (Lindl.) Schltr. (1914) : Pear-shaped Encyclia
  • Encyclia randii (Barb.Rodr.) Porto & Brade (1935)
  • Encyclia recurvata Schltr. (1919)
  • Encyclia replicata (Lindl.) Schltr. (1920) : Folded-lip Encyclia
  • Encyclia rufa (Lindl.) Britton & Millsp. (1920) : Bahama Encyclia
  • Encyclia rzedowskiana Soto Arenas (2002 publ. 2003)
  • Encyclia santos-dumontii L.C.Menezes (1992)
  • Encyclia sclerocladia (Lindl. ex Rchb.f.) Hoehne (1952) : Stiff-stalked Encyclia
  • Encyclia seidelii Pabst (1976) : Seidel's Encyclia
  • Encyclia selligera (Bateman ex Lindl.) Schltr. (1914) : Saddle-lipped Encyclia
  • Encyclia silvana Campacci (2003)
  • Encyclia spatella (Rchb.f.) Schltr. (1924) : Spatulate-petaled Encyclia
  • Encyclia spiritusanctensis L.C.Menezes (1990) : Espirito Santo Encyclia
  • Encyclia steinbachii Schltr. (1922) : Steinbach's Encyclia
  • Encyclia stellata (Lindl.) Schltr. (1914) : Starry Alanje Encyclia
  • Encyclia suaveolens Dressler (1968 publ. 1971) : Sweet-smelling Encyclia
  • Encyclia subulatifolia (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Dressler (1961) : Awl-shaped Encyclia
  • Encyclia tampensis (Lindl.) Small (1913) : Florida Butterfly Orchid
  • Encyclia tenuissima (Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf.) Dressler (1961)
  • Encyclia thrombodes (Rchb.f.) Schltr. (1921)
  • Encyclia tocantinensis V.P.Castro & Campacci (1996)
  • Encyclia trachycarpa (Lindl.) Schltr (1918) : Rough-fruited Encyclia
  • Encyclia trautmannii Senghas (2001)
  • Encyclia triangulifera (Rchb.f.) Acuña (1939) : Triangular Encyclia
  • Encyclia tripartita (Vell.) Hoehne (1952)
  • Encyclia tuerckheimii Schltr. (1918) : Tuerckheim's Encyclia
  • Encyclia unaensis Fowlie (1991) : Una Encyclia
  • Encyclia uxpanapensis Salazar (1999)
  • Encyclia viridiflora Hook. (1828)
  • Encyclia withneri (Sauleda) Sauleda & R.M.Adams (1981) : Withner's Encyclia
  • Encyclia xerophytica Pabst (1976) : Desert Encyclia
  • Encyclia xipheroides (Kraenzl.) Porto & Brade (1935)

    Encyclia Orchids in Los Angeles

    Birchwood Beauty, $105

    Encyclia orchids are scattered all over tropical Americas and are tolerable of almost any type of environment. In the United States, there are many species that have adapted well in states, such as Florida.

    Since it’s almost always bright and sunny in L.A., your chances of bringing home and successfully propagating Encyclia orchids are remarkably high. Many parks and botanical gardens also display gorgeous orchid species for public viewings, such as the Arboretum of Los Angeles County, Descanso Gardens, and South Botanic Garden.

    However, if you want your own Encyclia orchids blooming for your personal viewing pleasure, you can also check out Orchid Republic’s stunning orchid arrangement collection. Located conveniently in the heart of Studio City, Orchid Republic offers flower delivery anywhere in Los Angeles and Orange County.

     

    Sources:
    http://www.orchidspecies.com/indexe-ep.htm
    http://www.aos.org/orchids/orchids-a-to-z/letter-e/encyclia.aspx

     



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